American Journal of Civil Engineering

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Enhancing Safety Monitoring and Management for Concrete Dams: A Comprehensive Lifecycle Approach in China

Received: Jun. 20, 2023    Accepted: Sep. 06, 2023    Published: Sep. 14, 2023
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Abstract

Dams’ safety affects their expected benefits and puts human life and property, in addition to local public security, at risk, as dams are important pillar infrastructures supporting the sustainable socioeconomic development of a number of countries. As an important means for safe dam operations and management, safety monitoring efforts should permeate all phases of the full lifecycle of dams, including design, construction, and operation, with objectives to be achieved at each phase. Equal emphasis should be placed on the construction and operations of monitoring systems, inspections and instrument observations, evaluation and acquisition of results, and risk warning and analysis feedback. This is to address the pressing issues encountered in routine monitoring work, such as increased effort in construction and decreased effort in management, superficial inspections, inadequate maintenance of monitoring facilities, and an absence of satisfactory analysis of monitoring results. Based on China’s Technical Standard for Concrete Dam Safety Monitoring (GB/T 51416-2020), the systemic nature of the full lifecycle of concrete dam safety monitoring efforts and the “four equal emphases” were elaborated in this paper, revealing a shift from putting more effort on design and construction to focusing on the full lifecycle of monitoring work in a bid to comprehensively improve the safety monitoring and management of dams towards higher standards.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12
Published in American Journal of Civil Engineering ( Volume 11, Issue 3, May 2023 )
Page(s) 36-39
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Dam Safety, Concrete Dam, Monitoring, Standard, Four Equal Emphases

References
[1] DL/T 5178-2016. Technical specification for concrete dam safety monitoring.
[2] DL/T 1558-2016. Code for operation and maintenance of dam safety monitoring system.
[3] GB/T 51416-2020. Technical standard for concrete dam safety monitoring.
[4] Gu, C. & Su, H. 2015. Current status and prospects of long-term service and risk assessment of concrete dams. Advances in Science and Technology of Water Resources 35 (5): 1-12.
[5] Fang, W. & Fan, L. 2013. Studies on reservoir dam safety monitoring. China Water Resources 2013 (10): 28-30+40.
[6] Shen, H. & Fu, C. 2015. Present situation of safety monitoring and control for hydropower dams and improvement. Dam & Safety 2015 (05): 1-7.
[7] Liu, L. & Zhang, G. 2013. Thinking on strengthening reservoir dam safety inspection management. Water Conservancy Construction and Management 33 (07): 51-54.
[8] Ma, F. & Hua, W. 2012. Current situation investigation of dam safety monitoring system for large and medium-sized reservoirs in Zhejiang Province. Water Resources and Power 30 (05): 48-50+76.
[9] Shuai, Y. & Li, J. 2010. Present situation and strategies for dam safety monitoring in Hubei Province. Water Resources and Power 28 (08): 70-72+66.
[10] Huang, Y. 2005. Main problems and countermeasures of dam safety monitoring in Fujian Province. Hydraulic Science and Technology 2005 (01): 52-53.
[11] Yang, W. & Yuan, M. 2013. Statistical analysis and countermeasures of large and medium-sized reservoir dam safety monitoring in Guangdong Province. Guangdong Water Resources And Hydropower 2013 (01): 11-14.
[12] Ma, X. & Yu, W. 2017. Present condition and development trend of dam safety monitoring in Jiangxi Province. Jiangxi Hydraulic Science & Technology 43 (01): 59-63.
[13] Wang, K. 2013. Primary exploration on current situation and development of reservoir operation management. Gansu Water Resources And Hydropower Technology 49 (04): 26-27+30.
[14] Zou, C. 2006. Theory and Engineering Practice of Remediation of Complicated High Slope. Beijing: China Water & Power Press.
[15] Wang, Y. & Zhou, J. 2015. Current situation and prospect for safety monitoring data analysis of hydropower dams. Dam & Safety 2015 (05): 50-57.
[16] Yi, K. & Chen, H. 2017. Research and construction of engineering safety analysis and decision-making support system for Xiaowan Hydropower Station. Water Power 43 (03): 123-127+131.
[17] Na, W. & Sun, Y. 2018. Application of water engineering intelligent inspection system combined with Web GIS. Shanxi Hydrotechnics 2018 (03): 40-42+56.
[18] Xu, Q. 2017. Research and application of patrol inspection management system for South-to-North Water Diversion Project. Yellow River 39 (12): 123-126+130.
[19] He, T. 2014. Application of two-dimensional code technology in hydraulic structure inspection of Guangzhou Pumped Storage Power Station. Water Power 40 (11): 79-81.
[20] Zhang, X. 2015. Improved dam supervision by new concepts and technologies. Dam & Safety 2015 (02): 7-9.
[21] Li, L. & Cai, Y. 2005. New developments of dam safety monitoring and management for dams and reservoirs in China. Dam & Safety 2005 (06): 10-15.
[22] Gu, C & Su, H. 2018. Review on service risk analysis of dam engineering. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 49 (01): 26-35.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Shuai Zhang, Guang Yang, Libing Zhang, Zhiyong Zhao. (2023). Enhancing Safety Monitoring and Management for Concrete Dams: A Comprehensive Lifecycle Approach in China. American Journal of Civil Engineering, 11(3), 36-39. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12

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    ACS Style

    Shuai Zhang; Guang Yang; Libing Zhang; Zhiyong Zhao. Enhancing Safety Monitoring and Management for Concrete Dams: A Comprehensive Lifecycle Approach in China. Am. J. Civ. Eng. 2023, 11(3), 36-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12

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    AMA Style

    Shuai Zhang, Guang Yang, Libing Zhang, Zhiyong Zhao. Enhancing Safety Monitoring and Management for Concrete Dams: A Comprehensive Lifecycle Approach in China. Am J Civ Eng. 2023;11(3):36-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12,
      author = {Shuai Zhang and Guang Yang and Libing Zhang and Zhiyong Zhao},
      title = {Enhancing Safety Monitoring and Management for Concrete Dams: A Comprehensive Lifecycle Approach in China},
      journal = {American Journal of Civil Engineering},
      volume = {11},
      number = {3},
      pages = {36-39},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajce.20231103.12},
      abstract = {Dams’ safety affects their expected benefits and puts human life and property, in addition to local public security, at risk, as dams are important pillar infrastructures supporting the sustainable socioeconomic development of a number of countries. As an important means for safe dam operations and management, safety monitoring efforts should permeate all phases of the full lifecycle of dams, including design, construction, and operation, with objectives to be achieved at each phase. Equal emphasis should be placed on the construction and operations of monitoring systems, inspections and instrument observations, evaluation and acquisition of results, and risk warning and analysis feedback. This is to address the pressing issues encountered in routine monitoring work, such as increased effort in construction and decreased effort in management, superficial inspections, inadequate maintenance of monitoring facilities, and an absence of satisfactory analysis of monitoring results. Based on China’s Technical Standard for Concrete Dam Safety Monitoring (GB/T 51416-2020), the systemic nature of the full lifecycle of concrete dam safety monitoring efforts and the “four equal emphases” were elaborated in this paper, revealing a shift from putting more effort on design and construction to focusing on the full lifecycle of monitoring work in a bid to comprehensively improve the safety monitoring and management of dams towards higher standards.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Enhancing Safety Monitoring and Management for Concrete Dams: A Comprehensive Lifecycle Approach in China
    AU  - Shuai Zhang
    AU  - Guang Yang
    AU  - Libing Zhang
    AU  - Zhiyong Zhao
    Y1  - 2023/09/14
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12
    T2  - American Journal of Civil Engineering
    JF  - American Journal of Civil Engineering
    JO  - American Journal of Civil Engineering
    SP  - 36
    EP  - 39
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2330-8737
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajce.20231103.12
    AB  - Dams’ safety affects their expected benefits and puts human life and property, in addition to local public security, at risk, as dams are important pillar infrastructures supporting the sustainable socioeconomic development of a number of countries. As an important means for safe dam operations and management, safety monitoring efforts should permeate all phases of the full lifecycle of dams, including design, construction, and operation, with objectives to be achieved at each phase. Equal emphasis should be placed on the construction and operations of monitoring systems, inspections and instrument observations, evaluation and acquisition of results, and risk warning and analysis feedback. This is to address the pressing issues encountered in routine monitoring work, such as increased effort in construction and decreased effort in management, superficial inspections, inadequate maintenance of monitoring facilities, and an absence of satisfactory analysis of monitoring results. Based on China’s Technical Standard for Concrete Dam Safety Monitoring (GB/T 51416-2020), the systemic nature of the full lifecycle of concrete dam safety monitoring efforts and the “four equal emphases” were elaborated in this paper, revealing a shift from putting more effort on design and construction to focusing on the full lifecycle of monitoring work in a bid to comprehensively improve the safety monitoring and management of dams towards higher standards.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Powerchina Kunming Engineering Corporation Limited, Kunming, China

  • Powerchina International Group Limited, Beijing, China

  • Powerchina Kunming Engineering Corporation Limited, Kunming, China

  • Powerchina Kunming Engineering Corporation Limited, Kunming, China

  • Section