Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2018, Page: 87-92
Evaluation of the Effect of Rubber Modified Bitumen on Asphalt Performance
Biruk Yigezu Tefera, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Jimma University, Institute of Technology, Jimma, Ethiopia
Kassa Tadele, Ethiopian Construction Design & Supervision Works Corporation, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Anteneh Geremew, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Jimma University, Institute of Technology, Jimma, Ethiopia
Received: May 3, 2018;       Accepted: May 28, 2018;       Published: Jun. 15, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajce.20180603.11      View  990      Downloads  127
Abstract
For over a century, paved roadways have been constructed using asphalt concrete mixes across the world. This research was aimed on evaluation of the effect of the waste rubber tire modified bitumen on Asphalt performance, to investigate physical properties such as the stability and flow. Marshall Stability Method was used to determine the Optimum Binder Content (OBC) and to evaluate the properties of the crumb rubber. Five different percentage of rubber by weight of bitumen: 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% were used. A comparative study is made among the unmodified and modified bitumen samples using the various sizes of waste rubber tire bitumen particles and the modified. The results of the study revealed that as rubber content increase from 0 to 20% penetration decreased from 68.5 to 58.5 mm. Similarly, for the same percentage increase in rubber content ductility decrease from 100 to 75 cm. Asphalt mixes with crumb rubber 15% have higher stability, it is two times more than the minimum specification and lower marshal flow. From this study it is concluded that recycled crumb rubber can therefore be beneficial to the performance of the asphalt concrete pavements as well as provide a means of safe disposal of these non-biodegradable wastes.
Keywords
Crumb Rubber, Fatigue Cracking, Marshal Stability Method, Optimum Binder Content, Recycled Crumb Rubber
To cite this article
Biruk Yigezu Tefera, Kassa Tadele, Anteneh Geremew, Evaluation of the Effect of Rubber Modified Bitumen on Asphalt Performance, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 87-92. doi: 10.11648/j.ajce.20180603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Angelone S, Cauhape´ Casaux M, Martinez FO. 2016. Green Pavements: Reuse of Plastic Waste in Asphalt Mixtures. Mater Struct; 49 (5):1655-1665.0.
[2]
Abu Abdo AM. 2016. Utilizing Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Materials in New Pavements - A Review. Int J Ther Env Eng; 12 (1):61-66.
[3]
Shafabakhsh, G. H.; Sadeghnejad, M.; Sajed, Y. 2014. Case studies in construction materials case study of rutting performance of HMA modified with waste rubber powder, Case Studies in Construction Materials 1: 69–76.
[4]
Hossain, Z.; Bairgi, B.; Zaman, M.; O’Rear, E. 2016. Viability assessment of the use of ground tire rubber asa modifier in asphalt binders, in Proc. of 95th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, 10–14 January 2016, Washington, D. C. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2014.04.005.
[5]
Ghavibazoo, A.; Abdelrahman, M.; Ragab, M. 2013. Effect of CRM dissolution on storage stability of CRM modified asphalt, in Proc. of 92th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting 6 (13): 1–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2370-14.
[6]
T. U. Ganiron Jr., 2014. “Effects of human hair additives in compressive strength of asphalt cement mixture”, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, vol. 67, pp. 11-22.
[7]
Al-Khateeb, Ghazi G., and Khaled Z. Ramadan. 2015. "Investigation of the effect of rubber on rheological properties of asphalt binders using superpave DSR."KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering 19, no. 1: 127-135.
[8]
Zhang, Dong, Xiaoming Huang, Yongli Zhao, and Sulong Zhang. 2014 "Rubberized asphalt mixture design using a theoretical model." Construction and Building Materials 67: 265-269.
[9]
ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials), 2000.
[10]
AASHTO (American Association State Highway and Transportation officials), 2009.
Browse journals by subject